Titanium

PHYSICAL PROPERTIES

PHASE — Solid STD ATOMIC WEIGHT: — 47.867(1) g·mol−1 MELTING TEMPERATURE — 1941 K, 1668 °C, 3034 °F BOILING POINT — 3560 K, 3287 °C, 5949 °F CRYSTAL STRUCTURE — Hexagonal ELECTRICAL RESISTIVITY — (20 °C) 0.420 µΩ·m THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY — (300 K) 21.9 W·m−1·K−1 THERMAL EXPANSION — (25 °C) 8.6 µm·m−1·K−1

GENERAL PROPERTIES

SYMBOL —Ti NUMBER — 22 ELEMENT CATEGORY: — Transition Metals

KEY FACTS

  • Discovered in 1791 by amateur geologist, Pastor William Gregor
  • Named after the Titans in Greek  mythology
  • Known for its low density and high strength
  • Commonly alloyed with iron, vanadium, molybdenum, and aluminum
  • Titanium is often used in medical devices because of it high strength and inertness to the human body

MAJOR APPLICATIONS

  • Aerospace
  • Military
  • Chemical processing
  • Desalination plants
  • Pulp and paper Manufacturing
  • Medical devices and implants
  • Golf clubs and sporting goods
  • Jewelry

AVAILABLE ALLOYS

  • Titanium Grades 1&2
  • Titanium 45% Niobium
  • Niobium 47% Titanium