What Are Sputtering Targets Used For?

First discovered in 1852 and developed as a thin film deposition technique in 1920, sputtering targets are a physical vapor deposition mechanism—an old process, but with many uses in modern technology and manufacturing. The process starts by feeding a substrate (or other item to be coated) into a vacuum chamber containing two magnets. After introducing […]

Facts About Niobium:  Production, Properties, Applications, and Availability 

Niobium – the 41st element on the periodic table– is a soft, grey, crystalline metal used in a variety of applications from steel production to hypoallergenic jewelry. The metal was originally discovered by British chemist Charles Hatchett in 1801 as he examined American minerals from a collection in the British Museum. Hatchett named this element columbium, after Christopher Columbus.  Through the years most people now refer to this element as Niobium.  As tantalum and niobium are often found together and […]